贪心算法经典例题

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简介

贪心算法(又称贪婪算法)是指,在对问题求解时,总是做出在当前看来是最好的选择。也就是说,不从整体最优上加以考虑,他所做出的是在某种意义上的局部最优解。

贪心算法不是对所有问题都能得到整体最优解,关键是贪心策略的选择,选择的贪心策略必须具备无后效性,即某个状态以前的过程不会影响以后的状态,只与当前状态有关。

FatMouse’ Trade

FatMouse’ Trade
Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 33703    Accepted Submission(s): 10981

Problem Description
FatMouse prepared M pounds of cat food, ready to trade with the cats guarding the warehouse containing his favorite food, JavaBean.
The warehouse has N rooms. The i-th room contains J[i] pounds of JavaBeans and requires F[i] pounds of cat food. FatMouse does not have to trade for all the JavaBeans in the room, instead, he may get J[i]* a% pounds of JavaBeans if he pays F[i]* a% pounds of cat food. Here a is a real number. Now he is assigning this homework to you: tell him the maximum amount of JavaBeans he can obtain.

Input
The input consists of multiple test cases. Each test case begins with a line containing two non-negative integers M and N. Then N lines follow, each contains two non-negative integers J[i] and F[i] respectively. The last test case is followed by two -1’s. All integers are not greater than 1000.

Output
For each test case, print in a single line a real number accurate up to 3 decimal places, which is the maximum amount of JavaBeans that FatMouse can obtain.

Sample Input
5 3
7 2
4 3
5 2
20 3
25 18
24 15
15 10
-1 -1

Sample Output
13.333
31.500

贪心思想

从每傍食物最便宜的开始

C++代码

今年暑假不AC

“今年暑假不AC?”
“是的。”
“那你干什么呢?”
“看世界杯呀,笨蛋!”
“@#$%^&*%…”

确实如此,世界杯来了,球迷的节日也来了,估计很多ACMer也会抛开电脑,奔向电视了。
作为球迷,一定想看尽量多的完整的比赛,当然,作为新时代的好青年,你一定还会看一些其它的节目,比如新闻联播(永远不要忘记关心国家大事)、非常6+7、超级女生,以及王小丫的《开心辞典》等等,假设你已经知道了所有你喜欢看的电视节目的转播时间表,你会合理安排吗?(目标是能看尽量多的完整节目)

Input

输入数据包含多个测试实例,每个测试实例的第一行只有一个整数n(n<=100),表示你喜欢看的节目的总数,然后是n行数据,每行包括两个数据Ti_s,Ti_e (1<=i<=n),分别表示第i个节目的开始和结束时间,为了简化问题,每个时间都用一个正整数表示。n=0表示输入结束,不做处理。

Output

对于每个测试实例,输出能完整看到的电视节目的个数,每个测试实例的输出占一行。Sample Input
12
1 3
3 4
0 7
3 8
15 19
15 20
10 15
8 18
6 12
5 10
4 14
2 9
0

贪心思想

按照结束时间的早晚来,先看结束时间早的

C++代码

 

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